More Ice In The Eastern Arctic Than A Century Ago

This year, Baffin Bay and Svalbard have lots of ice, but in the early 1920’s they were largely ice-free.

NOAA/G02135/north/daily/images/2019/05_May/N_20190515_extn_v3.0.png

1922

Strange Things Happening In The Frozen Arctic

Is the North Pole going to melt?

Reports from fishermen, seal hunters and explorers who sail the seas about Spitzbergen and the eastern Arctic all point to a radical change in climatic conditions, with hitherto unheard-of high temperatures on that part of the earth’s surface.

Formerly the waters about Spitzbergen have held an even Summer temperature in the neighborhood of 5 degrees shove freezing. This year it rose as high as 28 degrees. Last Winter the ocean did not freeze over even on the north coast of Spitzbergen. This is on the authority of Dr. Noel.

03 Dec 1922, Page 63 – The Washington Times at Newspapers.com

1923

The Arctic ocean Is growing much warmer, at least in certain parts. This has been confirmed by numerous scientific expeditions this winter. Spitzbergen is now free from all ice, and the permanent ice fields of the Greenland a have retreated 2.500 miles north of  Norway.

The gulf stream, a warm current of water which rises in the Gulf of Mexico and flows northeast across the Atlantic ocean to Europe. is hotter now than usual. Its heat is attributed to the excess of solar radiation which fell, on the earth in 1920, 1921, and 1922.

01 Mar 1923, 4 – Chicago Tribune at Newspapers.com

1924

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3 Responses to More Ice In The Eastern Arctic Than A Century Ago

  1. Psalmon says:

    Not surprisingly the Arctic Marine Superhighway is NOT open for business.

    Actually, only about 100-200 ships or so out of 200,000 currently tracked are actively operating above the Arctic Circle.

    In Baffin Bay and near Svalbard, you can see where the open water is and where ice blocks operation.

    I am sure though in September we will see more articles about ONE ship that transited successfully and this means the Arctic is now open water for shipping.

  2. Brian D says:

    I put together a slideshow showing how ice was frequently north (and even well north) of Svalbard during the 18th century. It’s not an uncommon thing for the ice edge to be so far north, and if it is, then what was happening in this time period? Maybe part of an answer lies here? Seems El Nino’s have been a bit stronger in recent years similar to back then.
    https://wattsupwiththat.com/2011/05/07/tree-rings-as-a-proxy-for-historical-enso-reconstruction/
    Source of charts:
    ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/DATASETS/NOAA/G02169/

  3. Patp says:

    Great Post!!
    Patp

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