“And it never failed that during the dry years the people forgot about the rich years, and during the wet years they lost all memory of the dry years. It was always that way.”
— John Steinbeck, “East of Eden”
Three days ago, the New York Times announced the permanent drought in California. Now they are flooded.
Five years ago, the New York Times announced the permanent drought, which was followed by their wettest winter on record.
In 1977, the New York Times announced the California permanent drought, which was followed by flooding.
In 1963, drought was followed by flooding
There has been no trend in California precipitation over the last 125 years.
It was 110F in October 1859 – the same year when Santa Barbara reach 133F on June 17 and the largest recorded solar storm occurred in early August.
There was a tremendous flood on the Mississippi the week before the record heat in Santa Barbara
“BEGINNING about 1,100 years ago, what is now California baked in two droughts, the first lasting 220 years and the second 140 years. Each was much more intense than the mere six-year dry spells that afflict modern California from time to time, new studies of past climates show. The findings suggest, in fact, that relatively wet periods like the 20th century have been the exception rather than the rule in California for at least the last 3,500 years, and that mega-droughts are likely to recur.”
Thirty years ago, the New York Times knew that the 20th century was unusually wet in California, and that the Medieval Warm Period was global.
“Lisa J. Graumlich, who examines the ring patterns of foxtail pine trees and western junipers in the Sierra Nevada, has compiled a detailed record of the year-to-year variation in temperature and precipitation over the last thousand years.
She has seen in the North American trees the feathery but unmistakable signatures of the Medieval Warm Period, a era from 1100 to 1375 A.D. when, according to European writers of the time and other sources, the climate was so balmy that wine grapes flourished in Britain and the Vikings farmed the now-frozen expanse of Greenland; and the Little Ice Age, a stretch of abnormally frigid weather lasting roughly from 1450 to 1850. A Crucial Question
“We can now see that these were global climate phenomena, not regional temperature variations,” she said. “The question is, how did we get those warmer temperatures during pre-industrial times, and what can we learn from those conditions about what is going on today?”
“Western landscapes in presettlement era were very smoky places.”