Another Ice Age?

Fifty years ago this week.

Another Ice Age?
JUNE 24, 1974 12:00 AM EDT
In Africa, drought continues for the sixth consecutive year, adding terribly to the toll of famine victims. During 1972 record rains in parts of the U.S., Pakistan and Japan caused some of the worst flooding in centuries. In Canada’s wheat belt, a particularly chilly and rainy spring has delayed planting and may well bring a disappointingly small harvest. Rainy Britain, on the other hand, has suffered from uncharacteristic dry spells the past few springs. A series of unusually cold winters has gripped the American Far West, while New England and northern Europe have recently experienced the mildest winters within anyone’s recollection.

As they review the bizarre and unpredictable weather pattern of the past several years, a growing number of scientists are beginning to suspect that many seemingly contradictory meteorological fluctuations are actually part of a global climatic upheaval. However widely the weather varies from place to place and time to time, when meteorologists take an average of temperatures around the globe they find that the atmosphere has been growing gradually cooler for the past three decades. The trend shows no indication of reversing. Climatological Cassandras are becoming increasingly apprehensive, for the weather aberrations they are studying may be the harbinger of another ice age.

(See photos of how scientists are trying to keep Africa’s deserts at bay.)

Telltale signs are everywhere — from the unexpected persistence and thickness of pack ice in the waters around Iceland to the southward migration of a warmth-loving creature like the armadillo from the Midwest.Since the 1940s the mean global temperature has dropped about 2.7F. Although that figure is at best an estimate, it is supported by other convincing data. When Climatologist George J. Kukla of Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory and his wife Helena analyzed satellite weather data for the Northern Hemisphere, they found that the area of the ice and snow cover had suddenly increased by 12% in 1971 and the increase has persisted ever since. Areas of Baffin Island in the Canadian Arctic, for example, were once totally free of any snow in summer; now they are covered year round.

(See a video on the history of climate change.)

Scientists have found other indications of global cooling. For one thing there has been a noticeable expansion of the great belt of dry, high-altitude polar winds — the so-called circumpolar vortex—that sweep from west to east around the top and bottom of the world. Indeed it is the widening of this cap of cold air that is the immediate cause of Africa’s drought. By blocking moisture-bearing equatorial winds and preventing them from bringing rainfall to the parched sub-Sahara region, as well as other drought-ridden areas stretching all the way from Central America to the Middle East and India, the polar winds have in effect caused the Sahara and other deserts to reach farther to the south. Paradoxically, the same vortex has created quite different weather quirks in the U.S. and other temperate zones. As the winds swirl around the globe, their southerly portions undulate like the bottom of a skirt. Cold air is pulled down across the Western U.S. and warm air is swept up to the Northeast. The collision of air masses of widely differing temperatures and humidity can create violent storms – the Midwest’s recent rash of disastrous tornadoes, for example.

Sunspot Cycle.

The changing weather is apparently connected with differences in the amount of energy that the earth’s surface receives from the sun. Changes in the earth’s tilt and distance from the sun could, for instance, significantly increase or decrease the amount of solar radiation falling on either hemisphere thereby altering the earth’s climate. Some observers have tried to connect the eleven-year sunspot cycle with climate patterns, but have so far been unable to provide a satisfactory explanation of how the cycle might be involved.

Man, too, may be somewhat responsible for the cooling trend. The University of Wisconsin’s Reid A. Bryson and other climatologists suggest that dust and other particles released into the atmosphere as a result of farming and fuel burning may be blocking more and more sunlight from reaching and heating the surface of the earth.

Climatic Balance. Some scientists like Donald Oilman, chief of the National Weather Service’s long-range-prediction group, think that the cooling trend may be only temporary. But all agree that vastly more information is needed about the major influences on the earth’s climate. Indeed, it is to gain such knowledge that 38 ships and 13 aircraft, carrying scientists from almost 70 nations, are now assembling in the Atlantic and elsewhere for a massive 100-day study of the effects of the tropical seas and atmosphere on worldwide weather. The study itself is only part of an international scientific effort known acronymically as GARP (for Global Atmospheric Research Program).

Whatever the cause of the cooling trend, its effects could be extremely serious, if not catastrophic. Scientists figure that only a 1% decrease in the amount of sunlight hitting the earth’s surface could tip the climatic balance, and cool the planet enough to send it sliding down the road to another ice age within only a few hundred years.

The earth’s current climate is something of an anomaly; in the past 700,000 years, there have been at least seven major episodes of glaciers spreading over much of the planet. Temperatures have been as high as they are now only about 5% of the time. But there is a peril more immediate than the prospect of another ice age. Even if temperature and rainfall patterns change only slightly in the near future in one or more of the three major grain-exporting countries — the U.S., Canada and Australia — global food stores would be sharply reduced. University of Toronto Climatologist Kenneth Hare, a former president of the Royal Meteorological Society, believes that the continuing drought and the recent failure of the Russian harvest gave the world a grim premonition of what might happen. Warns Hare: “I don’t believe that the world’s present population is sustainable if there are more than three years like 1972 in a row.”

Page 105 – June 24, 1974, Vol. 103, No. 25 – The Vault – TIME

About Tony Heller

Just having fun
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7 Responses to Another Ice Age?

  1. Conrad Ziefle says:

    This is at least as plausible as Sagan’s “A, da, a-da, ada Venus’s CO2 is 90 x as ours.” Someone gave him the wrong notes. Its atmosphere is approximately 92 bar according to NSSDCA. This is different, and higher(!) than what I read before. Its composition is 96.5% CO2, also different and higher than what I read before, making its atmospheric CO2 (92x .965x 10000/4)= 221,950 times ours.
    The problem with all of these theories is that you need a trend of data that goes about a 1000 years before you have anything to hang your hat on, and even then you might be wrong.

  2. Charles Higley says:

    We have found that CO2 is a great refrigerant. As its main emission IR is at -80 deg C, it is constantly trying to cool the atmosphere. The junk science that it can warm the planet is just that, junk science and a political scam.

    • Allan Shelton says:

      Charles or someone please explain to me the CO2 cycle.
      The WV cycle I can follow, but I have never had an explanation of the CO2 cycle.
      CO2 absorbs IR at 15 microns ….. Right?
      Then the CO2 molecule thermalizes; expands and rises. …. yes? no?
      Then it loses heat to the surrounding air by way of conduction…. yes? no?
      What is the -80C temperature fit into the cycle????
      I need an explanation to settle my mind. ;^D
      Thank you in advance.

  3. arn says:

    Still believing in the ultimate climate truth of the 70ies
    made me a climate denier.

  4. Peter Carroll says:

    A new ice age is coming, at 75 I remember it well. The great catastrophe was going to be, a world wide shortage of long underwear.

  5. They’ve got it all wrong. Ice ages are caused by human prosperity and increasing population. I’m sure if they pumped enough money into it the ostensible disaster could be somehow blamed on humanity. Unfortunately, back in the 1970s science was characterized by honesty and integrity. Do you remember those historical terms?

  6. Bill says:

    is it just me, or is it no longer possible to find references to the “United States historical climatology network” on the internet prior to 1989? I can’t find any reference to the fact that it was established in the 1890’s. In fact, I can’t find any references to temperature data before the 1960’s.

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