The Heatwave Of January, 1896 In Southeast Australia

“Go to Heaven for the climate, Hell for the company.”

  • Mark Twain

January, 1896 was the hottest month in NSW history, with some locations seeing temperatures over 120 degrees on ten consecutive days. Mark Twain implied that it was just across the partition from hell.

TimesMachine: August 18, 1896 – NYTimes.com

The average maximum temperature in Bourke, NSW that month was 110F (43C)

The Bureau of Meteorology ignores all pre-1910 temperatures – because they wreck the global warming scam.

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14 Responses to The Heatwave Of January, 1896 In Southeast Australia

  1. Steve Case says:

    So summer Maximum temperatures in Australia have trended downward since the 19th century. Well don’t that just beat all!

  2. RAH says:

    During this month in 1944 in Belgium and Luxembourg there was a whole lot of man caused global warming going on and nobody was exempt from getting into the real heat.

    These American soldiers from the 28th Division Band and Quartermaster Company, stayed and fought Germans in Wiltz, Belgium, until their ammunition was exhausted. Shown at Bastogne, Belgium. 12/20/44.

    “During the Battle of the Bulge, the Band was placed on the line to defend the Division Headquarters at Wiltz, Luxembourg. In this action, for which the Band was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation, all but thirteen of sixty member were killed or captured. Of the thriteen, eleven were wounded. Sergeant Raab avoided capture and helped re-form a new band after the Ardennes campaign.”

    The 28th Infantry Division is the “Keystone” Division having been formed from units from Pennsylvania. Some of the units in the Division trace their linage back to the early days of the American Revolution.

    During WW II the Division was in the middle of the bloodiest fights the US Army in Europe endured during the 2nd half of 1944. The Germans knew them well and called them “The Bloody Bucket” Division for their Keystone unit patch. During it’s tough battles during that period until the end of the war the Division was commanded by none other than Maj. Gen. Norman D. Cota who had been the General officer on Omaha beach then as assistant Division commander of the 29th Division (Robert Mitchum portrayed him in the movie ‘The Longest Day’).

    During the Battle of the Bulge there was a time during the initial German assault that the 28th Division faced the better part of 9 crack German Divisions which is more than any Division in the US military had ever faced. During the Battle of the Bulge it did not matter if you were a clerk, a bandsman, or in supply, you were infantry when the Divisions chips were all in.
    BTW the traditional role in combat for Bandsmen in the US Army is litter bearer colleting and transporting the wounded.

    • Gail Combs says:

      A darn good reason NOT to have women in combat. Support functions are fine.

      Here is an article from a female Marine Corp officer who ended up serving in combat conditions and is AGAINST women serving in combat roles. She has been ostracized for her views.
      Get Over It! We Are Not All Created Equal

      The big problem is females are just not build to take the abuse. We can not carry the weight necessary over long periods without breaking down. I saw the same thing happened in industry. The hips go. I had two friends who did a lot of lifting one ended up with crushed spinal discs and the other with hip replacement at age 45.

      • RAH says:

        Yep, the basic differences in anatomy and physiology puts women at a physical disadvantage. All the conditioning in world cannot counter that fact. The pelvic girdle is the very foundation of the human skeleton. The pelvic girdle of women, unlike men, must be able to expand at the pubic symphysis for child birth and thus is not as rigid and less able to sustain the continued heavy stress placed on it when heavy loads are being carried for extended periods. There are other anatomical and physiological differences between the sexes, and most work against the female in combat conditions.

        • Gail Combs says:

          You put it better than I could.

          I knew it sort of instinctively because of the pelvic differences but had not really looked into it.

          Let’s face it. Women evolved to have kids every year or two, gather plants and watch the kids. Men hunted ranging over a greater area than the women and then dragged the kill home. So men evolved to cover long distances often carrying loads.

          No amount of wishful thinking will make a woman as strong or as fast as a guy. We also don’t have the upper body strength and our fat to muscle ratio favors fat so our kids can survive.

          • RAH says:

            There was a time when I was at my prime conditioning as a soldier that I ran between 2-3% body fat. It took a whole lot of hard work both physical and in diet adjustments for me to sustain that physical condition which is at the level one finds in champion marathon runners and triathletes.

            Now I was a special operator and admittedly the vast majority of male infantrymen will not be close to that level of fitness. But for women attaining such a level of fitness is that much harder because of their difference in normal body fat and the hormonal differences they must deal with. I sincerely admire the top level female athletes in the sports that require such conditioning because they had to work harder for it than the men.

          • Gail Combs says:

            RAH,
            And we pay for it later in life because our body is screaming STARVATION STARVATION for years and wants to pile on the fat as soon as we slow down, the hormones get sluggish and we eat like normal humans.

  3. Mark M says:

    Temperature data prior to 1910 should be used with extreme caution as many stations, prior to that date, were exposed in non-standard shelters, some of which give readings which are several degrees warmer or cooler than those measured according to post-1910 standards.

    http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/cdo/about/about-airtemp-data.shtml

    * comment@jonova:
    that’s post-modern data for you. It is just obvious that earlier measurements were wrong by several degrees; wrong in which direction is a matter of expert manipulation and not for the hoi-polloi to know.
    Astonishing …

    • Gail Combs says:

      Actually Stevenson Screens were in use before 1910. And in the USA there was a direction manual issued in 1882.

      the ” Meteorology: A Text-book on the Weather, the Causes of Its Changes, and Weather Forecasting” 1918 by Willis Isbister Milham
      states:

      …When a maximum thermometer is not read for several hours after the highest temperature has occurred and the air in the meantime has cooled down 15° or 20°, the highest temperature indicated by the top of the detached thread of mercury may be too low by half a degree from the contraction of the thread….
      ……………..

      …..The observations of temperature taken at a regular station are the real air temperature at 8am and 8pm, the highest and lowest temperatures of the preceding 12 hours, and a continuous thermograph record…. (Richard Freres thermograph) ….these instruments are located in a thermometer shelter…

      …The Ventilated thermometer which is the best instrument for determining the real air temperature, was invented by Assman at Berlin in 1887…will determine the real air temperature correctly to a tenth of a degree….

      On page 68 he says a thermometer in a Stevenson screen is correct to within a half degree. Two thermometers are used an Alcohol for Minimum and a Mercury for Maximum supplied with a manual in 1882 to the coop stations by the US Weather Bureau. Milham mentions the Six thermometer and says the accuracy was not good so the US weather service used the two thermometers mentioned above.

      He also states there are 180 to 200 ‘regular weather stations’ ordinarily in the larger cities that take reading twice daily and a continuous reading too. There were also 3600 to 4000 coop stations and 300 to 500 special stations that recorded other aspects of the weather.

      At that time the error is at least +/- 0.5°F in the older reading no amount of diddling with those reading will make that error go away.

      If a good continuous thermograph record for at least twenty years is available, the normal hourly temperatures for the various days of the year can be computed….

      “the average temperature for a day is found by averaging the 24 values of hourly temperature observed during that day”

      If the normals are based on twenty years of observations, it will be found that there is not an even transition from day to day, but jumps of even two or three degrees occur….

      I thought it quite interesting that Willis Isbister Milham was talking about 20 years of hourly data in 1918.

  4. John of Cloverdale, WA, Australia says:

    The period of the 1890’s to the early 1900’s is well known in Australia, and is called the Federation Drought. Then we had the WWII Drought and recently the Millinium Drought, which has recently been broken by the current La Nina. Droughts and floods, especially in South eastern Australia, are due to the ENSO Cycle. This is fully documented in Dr. Don Garden’s book (2009): Droughts, Flooding and Cyclones – El Ninos that shaped our Colonial Past.

  5. Brian G Valentine says:

    The Australians booted their climate kooks who wanted to tax everybody for being alive right out the door.

    They went, but not quietly

  6. jim mac says:

    Temperature data prior to 1910 should be used with extreme caution as many stations, prior to that date, were exposed in non-standard shelters, some of which give readings which are several degrees warmer or cooler than those measured according to post-1910 standards.

    Any media articles, old and new, should be ignored if you are looking for precise data, because a newspaper report is not a primary source of evidence.

    Additionally there are many more things scientists measure now, which is the basis for ALL the universities & legitimate scientific institutions in the entire world (eg. CSIRO, NASA) saying the planet is warming (must be a conspiracy hey ;).
    From these measurements we can say with absolute confidence that:

    1. Air temperatures over land are increasing
    2. Air temperatures over oceans are increasing
    3. Arctic sea ice is decreasing
    4. Glaciers are melting
    5. Sea levels are rising
    6. Humidity is increasing
    7. Ocean heat content is increasing
    8. Sea surface temperature is increasing
    9. Snow is decreasing
    10. Earth’s lower atmosphere temperature is increasing

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