The History Of The Arctic

In the distant past, palm trees grew in Greenland.

03 Dec 1922, Page 63 – The Washington Times at Newspapers.com

Greenland wasn’t quite as far north 250 million years ago as it is now.

Gondwana –  Biology Term 2

The Arctic Ocean is believed to have been ice-free around the time Stonehenge was built, with atmospheric CO2 at pre-industrial levels.

 

Less Ice In Arctic Ocean 6000-7000 Years Ago — ScienceDaily

Hannibal took elephants across the Alps in 181 BC.

It is also known that the Arctic was much warmer one thousand years ago, with atmospheric CO2 at pre-industrial levels. Then the Arctic got much colder and the Vikings in Greenland froze to death.

CHANGING CLIMATE INDICATED IN ARCTIC – Professor Griggs Traces Fate of Lost Norse Colonies to Increasing Greenland Cold. TREE ROOTS PIERCE BODIES

The 1990 IPCC report recognized the warmth of 1,000 years ago, and subsequent cooling into the 17th century. This was called the Medieval Warm Period and Little Ice Age.

 

ipcc_far_wg_I_chapter_07.pdf

NASA’s James Hansen also recognized that in 1983.

Global temperature trend is based on temperatures in central England, the tree limit in the White Mountains of California, and oxygen isotope  measurements in the Greenland ice (W. Dansgaard of the Geophysical Isotope Laboratory, University of Copenhagen, pers. comm.), with the  temperature scale set by the variations in the last 100 years

Challenge_chapter2.pdf

Glaciers in the Aps were either small or non-existent one thousand years ago.

14 Aug 1929 – EUROPEAN GLACIERS. – Trove

The glaciers expanded rapidly during the Little Ice Age, and then started retreating again about 200 years ago. Glacier Bay, Alaska retreated 50 miles between 1790 and 1880.

glacierbaymap

Greenland’s Jakobshavn Glacier retreated more than two feet per day from 1850 to 1903.

05 Dec 1903, Page 7 – The Catholic Advance at Newspapers.com

Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin 14, 14-25

Michael Mann and the IPCC have since erased the Medieval Warm Period and Little Ice Age.

TAR-02

The press is currently hysterical about Arctic sea ice, predicting its imminent demise.

Thus continuing a long line of failed predictions.

Expert: Arctic polar cap may disappear this summer_English_Xinhua

North Pole May Be Ice-Free for First Time This Summer

BBC NEWS | UK | Swimmer aims to kayak to N Pole

Star-News – Google News Archive Search

Arctic Sea Ice Gone in Summer Within Five Years?

BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Arctic summers ice-free ‘by 2013’

Gore: Polar ice cap may disappear by summer 2014

In the real Arctic, sea ice extent started and ended 2019 as the highest in five years.

Ocean and Ice Services | Danmarks Meteorologiske Institut

Ice extent is very close to the 1981-2010 median.

NOAA/G02135/north/daily/images/2020/01_Jan/N_20200104_extn_v3.0.png

Arctic sea ice extent is highest for the date in eight years.

Charctic Interactive Sea Ice Graph | Arctic Sea Ice News and Analysis

And there has been no trend in Arctic sea ice extent since 2007, when climate alarmists started making the their forecasts of imminent doom.

NOAA/G02186/masie_4km_allyears_extent_sqkm.csv

The National Climate Assessment shows Arctic sea ice rapidly declining since 1979.

Fourth National Climate Assessment

Alarmists claim that they start their graphs in 1979, because that is the start of satellite records.

Sea ice extent has been monitored by passive microwave instruments on satellite platforms since 1979, providing a 39-year long perspective on changing coverage over the last several decades.

Sea Ice

But the 1990 IPCC report shows that they are not being honest. satellite records go back to the early 1970s, when “sea ice extent was significantly less.”

1990 IPCC Report

In the 1985 DOE Report, Vinnikov showed that Arctic sea ice declined sharply until the century low in the mid-1950s, and then started to increase again.

Projecting the climatic effects of increasing carbon dioxide 

This chart combines the 1985 and 1990 Vinnikov graphs, and shows that government agencies now start their sea ice graphs at the century maximum.

The graphs also start at the coldest year on record in Iceland.

V2 Measured

When I show the fraud going on with sea ice extent, climate alarmists invariably try to change the subject to ice age and thickness, pointing out that sea ice was thick and old in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

But in 1922, the ice between Alaska and the North Pole was thin, rotten first year ice.

29 Jan 1922, Page 35 – The St. Louis Star and Times at Newspapers.com

The Arctic was rapidly melting, and there was no ice around Svalbard.

03 Dec 1922, Page 63 – The Washington Times at Newspapers.com

Now there is lots of ice around Svalbard.

NOAA/G02135/north/daily/images/2020/01_Jan/N_20200104_extn_hires_v3.0.png

Raw data shows that the eastern Arctic was very warm 80 years ago,

V2 Measured

But NASA is constantly tampering with the data, and frequently makes the warmth of the 1940s disappear.

V2 Adjusted

May 2018 Measured Vs. Adjusted

In Climategate emails, the world’s leading climate scientists openly discussed their desire to ease the warmth of the 1940s.

di2.nu/foia/1254108338.txt

The “thin, rotten ice” of 1921 was preceded by very warm weather in 1921.

NetCDF

This animation shows CRUTem anomalies for all of 1921.

In the US, 1921 was the second warmest year on record, after 1934.

The New York Times reported that Earth has a fever.

TimesMachine: October 3, 1921 – NYTimes.com

Encinal, Texas had 157 consecutive days above 90F in 1921, the Texas record.

The heat of 1921 and other hot years from the past is inconvenient for government agencies, so they alter the data to make it disappear.

Climate at a Glance | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)

NASA 1999    NASA 2019

NASA 1999

NASA 2019

Nighttime temperatures in 1921 were also fourth highest in the US..

Before data tampering, Texas’ hottest year was 1921.

NOAA used to show 1921 as being the hottest year in Texas, but sometime after 2012, they altered the data to make Texas warm past disappear.

Climate scientists who have been claiming Texas is warming are totally wrong. | Watts Up With That?

Mims: Research shows Texas is not warming – San Antonio Express-News

Climate at a Glance | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)

Global temperature graphs also make no sense, with thin, rotten ice in 1922, when temperatures were claimed to be cold, and thick multi-year ice in 1983, when temepratures were supposed to be hot.

graph.png (1130×600)

In a December 2018 article, NASA claimed that Arctic sea ice had lost two-thirds of its thickness since 1958.

Wintertime Arctic sea ice growth slows long-term decline: NASA – Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet

But this New York Times article from 1958 shows that sea ice thickness in 1958 was two meters, same as December, 2018.

The Changing Face of the Arctic; The Changing Face of the Arctic – The New York Times

CICE_combine_thick_SM_EN_20181206.png (758×631)

The decline in Arctic sea ice from the 1920s until the 1950s was widely reported.

07 Apr 1923 – NORTH POLE MELTING. – Trove

Glaciers in Glacier National Park were forecast to disappear before 1950.

29 Dec 1923, Page 5 – at Newspapers.com

17 Dec 1939, Page 15 – Harrisburg Sunday Courier at Newspapers.com

29 Sep 1939 – What is The World Coming To? – Trove

Current Melting of Greenland’s Ice Mimicks 1920s-1940s Event | NSF – National Science Foundation

22 Nov 1949, 23 – The Daily Times at Newspapers.com

18 Feb 1952 – Melting Icecaps Mystery – Trove

The subsequent cooling and increase in sea ice after after the 1950s, was also widely reported.

January 30, 1961 – NYTimes

18 Jul 1963 – Glaciers Grow In Norway

U.S. and Soviet Press Studies of a Colder Arctic – The New York Times

14 Apr 1973, Page 8 – Iowa City Press-Citizen

International Team of Specialists Finds No End in Sight to 30‐Year Cooling Trend in Northern Hemisphere

By WALTER SULLIVAN JAN. 5, 1978

A gradual increase in area of the northern circumpolar vortex, the massive flow of frigid air around the Arctic, has been recorded by Drs. Angell and Korshover. In 1976 its southern’ extent was the greatest in 10 years and last winter it was 1 percent larger than in any previous winter observed.

Snow and ice cover in the Northern Hemisphere have varied greatly but there has been a net increase according to a satellite photograph analysis by Dr George J. Kukla of Columbia University’s Lamont‐Doherty Geological Observatory. This has been most marked in the spring when so highly reflective a cover returns much solar energy into space at a time of intense solar radiation.

International Team of Specialists Finds No End in Sight to 30‐Year Cooling Trend in Northern Hemisphere – The New York Times

Nothing about Arctic alarmism or the official government temperature record makes any sense, but facts don’t matter to climate alarmists.

National Geographic says Greenland glaciers are growing, and simultaneously melting at the fastest rate in 350 years.  

A Greenland glacier is growing. That’s not good news

Not only are the glaciers growing, but they are also shrinking at a record rate.

Greenland’s ice is melting faster than it has in 350 years—what it means